THIS is an elected, appointed or instituted body of Administrators in the governance of a said place inhabited by human beings.
There are heirachy and ranks that makes up the Administration or Officers in a Nation State.
The Nation State could be Military or Democratic system of government which should be beneficial to the citizens and visitors occupying such area of livelihood.
The likelihood of a total support for the Administrators is not feasible as the presence of opposition enables the checkmentation of those responsible for the implementation of the civil rights or duties and Electoral manifesto.
Ethnicity, religion, belief and sexuality should not ịnfluence the choice or heirachy order of the Nation State.
Appointments or Election of Administrators should be base on capabilities and developmental mindset of the individual or candidate in order to achieve sustainable growth.
A civilised society should provide a channel of communication for the citizens to be able to make suggestions and choice in a specific cause.
An Individual is a physical human being whom can be referred to as a person in a place or a community.
An Individual could be an indigene ọr an alien in a given society enjoying an approved Human Rights and fundamental freedom.
The Wellbeing of an Individual must be prioritized by the Nation State to maintain peace and stability. A society ịn disarray would produce unruly individuals.
Without a group of individuals, there would be no Nation State in the achievement of a National Sovereignty.
This is the independence of a given place or country with marked borders, boundaries and territories with an enforceable authority.
The National Sovereignty of a Nation or country should be protected by a constituted law and a practical armed forces.
Respect for the National Sovereignty should be visible and not distorted.
Alliances and cordial relations with other sovereign government should be created and empowered to enable the accomplishment of a stable National Sovereignty.
The Co-operation of the Individuals and Nation State would bring about a sustainable National Sovereignty.■
TO UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY: MY LETTER OF SOVEREIGN NOTICE
BEFORE the death of our late esteemed commander in-chief, General Dim Chukwuemeka Ojukwu, he handed over a military mandate to a brooding army in 2007. I, General Innocent Orji duly ranked by late Ojukwu is the recipient of that mandate. It’s upon that mandate that I write this letter to this assembly of nations.
Countless letters have been written without acknowledgments, but we are not giving up, even though we have decided to stick with this ‘formality’ of letter writing. We now write for posterity because history will not forgive us if we fail to ask pertinent questions today. We write not to plead, but for history to be kind to us that we spoke out.
As the military leader of Biafra and in compliance with our roadmap to Biafra, in 2007, we launched a Shadow Government. The consequences of the Shadow Government forced me into prison for ten years and in 2019, we officially launched Transitional Government. Finally, on October 30th 2021, we launched our Provincial Government. By virtue of the declared Provincial Government, we have prospectively become a sovereign government. By this letter, we intend to be effective sovereign government.
Therefore, this letter is the final notice to all parties of interest, to be updated that 30th October 2022 is the anniversary of our declared Provincial Government and the one-year window of in-activeness is for the occupying Nigerian government to withdraw or diplomatically leave for our inevitable self-rule. They did not withdraw, and it is crucial we put all parties of interest on notice that we shall effect the Provincial Government we declared.
Our action is in line with articles of 2007 UN charter on the rights of indigenous people. Instead, the occupying government has meted force on us. Forced us into disappearance. Illegally unleashed soldiers on our civilians, and sustained illegal and inhuman military operation to foster the genocide of 1967. We are human beings and shall exercise our rights to a coordinated self-defense. That right shall duly start with amnesty to all Biafra prisoners of conscience in Nigerian prisons.
Finally, knowing that during Buhari’s address to the assembly, he would hide or twist facts, but pertinent questions should be asked behind the scene. Questions are important because Biafra National Guard shall duly enforce the rights of the people to self-determination and this letter is a prior notice. We shall engage and hope to enjoy the full rights derived from the 2007 UN resolution on the rights of indigenous people.
General Innocent .N. Orji ■
Please be informed that the view and expression of the author are personal and does not represent that of SUNBIGHT MEDIA.
<SUNBIGHT>~Chroniqueur~Afọ~8 septembre 2022 à 22h25 CAT
Autosuffisance économique, autonomie militaire et politique étrangère indépendante
L’AUTOSUFFISANCE ÉCONOMIQUE est l’administration indépendante des ressources ou des finances d’une communauté ou d’un système.
C’est aussi la capacité de gérer efficacement l’économie, les réglementations générales et la disposition des affaires d’un État ou d’une nation.
L’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques [OCDE] définit l’autosuffisance comme “l’étendue de la participation à l’économie et à la société et la capacité des individus à se débrouiller seuls dans la vie quotidienne”.
C’est l’effort ou la mesure dans laquelle les individus sont capables de subvenir à leurs besoins sans aide extérieure.
Pour qu’une économie soit autosuffisante, le processus devrait commencer par l’indigénisation et la privatisation des industries, des secteurs et des entreprises parapubliques et également moins de prêts étrangers.
La croissance économique d’un État ou d’une nation doit être basée sur la fabrication et l’exportation afin de fournir un développement durable.
Pour améliorer la stabilité d’un taux de change, il est nécessaire d’avoir une économie relativement immuable par rapport à la dette extérieure.
Il est primordial que le bien-être de la main-d’œuvre soit pris en compte pour l’amélioration de l’autosuffisance économique.
Des lignes directrices, des règles et des règlements doivent être mis en place pour soutenir une économie autosuffisante qui pourrait être basée sur l’entrepreneuriat, les petites entreprises et la vente au détail.
Il faudrait moins compter sur le gouvernement et davantage d’efforts sur les entreprises et les industries privées comme moyen de lutter contre la pauvreté et de décourager la dépendance à l’aide sociale.
L’AUTONOMIE MILITAIRE pourrait être décrite comme la capacité des forces armées d’un État ou d’une Nation à s’appuyer sur ses capacités et à gérer ses affaires de manière indépendante.
L’autonomie militaire favoriserait la croissance des industries de l’armement dans une société et réduirait également la dépendance à l’importation d’armes.
En outre, cela favoriserait le développement des armes indigènes, améliorerait le savoir-faire technique, créerait des emplois, augmenterait les revenus en devises et l’épargne.
LA POLITIQUE ÉTRANGÈRE désigne les objectifs généraux ou gouvernementaux guidant les activités et les relations d’un État dans son interaction avec d’autres États et organisations internationales.
Une politique étrangère indépendante est un comportement, des politiques ou des plans non influencés pour l’avancement des affaires ou considérations intérieures.
Les outils de toute politique étrangère donnée sont la diplomatie qui influence ou décourage la guerre, les alliances et le commerce international.
La diplomatie est une méthode établie pour influencer les décisions et le comportement des gouvernements et des peuples étrangers par le dialogue, la négociation et d’autres mesures autres que la guerre ou la violence.
Une politique étrangère indépendante doit être fondée sur la préservation de la paix, le renforcement de la sécurité internationale, la promotion de la coopération internationale, le développement et la consolidation de la démocratie, l’État de droit et le respect des droits de l’homme et des libertés fondamentales.■
Economic Self-Sufficiency, Military Self-Reliance & Independent Foreign Policy
ECONOMIC SELF-SUFFICIENCY is the independent Administration of the resources or finances of a community or system.
It also the ability to effectively manage the economy, General regulations and disposition of the affairs of a state or nation.
The Organization For Economic Co-operation & Development [OECD] defines Self-sufficiency as the “extent of participation in the economy and society and how well individuals are able to get through daily life on their own.”
It is the effort or extent to which individuals are able to provide for themselves without external aid.
For an economy to be self-sufficient, the process should begin with Indigenization and Privatization of the Industries, Sectors and Parastatals and also less foreign loan.
The Economic growth in a State or Nation should be based on Manufacturing and Exportation so as to provide a Sustainable Development.
To enhance the stability of a Currency exchange rate, there is need for a relative unchanging economy as against foreign debt.
It is utmost for the welfare of the labour force to be considered for the betterment of Economic self-sufficiency.
Guidelines, Rules and Regulations should be effected to sustain a self-sufficient economy which could be based on Enterprenuership, Small-scale businesses and Retail.
There should be less reliance on the government and more efforts placed on private businesses and industries as a means to addressing poverty and discouraging welfare dependency.
MILITARY SELF-RELIANCE could be described as the capacity of the armed forces of a State or Nation to rely on its capabilities and to manage its affairs independently.
Military Self-Reliance would promote the growth of the weapons Industries in a society and also reduce reliance on importation of weapons.
Moreover, it would promote the indigenous weapons Development, enhancing technical knowhow, provide jobs, increasing foreign exchange earning and savings.
FOREIGN POLICY is the General or Government objectives guiding the activities and relationships of one State in its interaction with other States and international organization.
An Independent Foreign Policy is an uninfluenced behaviour, policies or plans for the advancement of domestic affairs or consideration.
The tools of any given Foreign Policy is Diplomacy which influences or deters War, Alliances and International Trade.
Diplomacy is an established method of influencing the decisions and behaviour of Foreign government and people through dialogue, negotiation and other measures short of war or violence.
An Independent Foreign Policy should be based on Preservation of peace, Strengthening international security, Promotion of international Co-operation, Development and consolidation of democracy, the Rule of Law and Respect for Human Rights and Fundamental freedoms.■
Nkwelle-Ezunaka, Onitsha – THE International Convenant on Civil and Political Rights proclaimed in Article 6 “Every Human Being has the inherent right to life. This Right shall be protected by Law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.”
Also, the African Charter on Human & Peoples’ Rights adopted in Article 4 “Human Beings are invioable. Every Human Being shall be entitled to respect for his life and the integrity of his person. No one may be arbitrarily deprived of this right.”
LIFE could simply be defined as the state of being alive and living.
UNLAWFUL KILLINGS is referred to as when a Human Being has been killed by one or more unknown persons.
That is a killing that is done without Lawful excuse and in breach of criminal law.
These could be murder, manslaughter, homicide or intentional accident.
According to International Human Rights watchdog, Amnesty International in its publicised document – “Since August 2015, the security forces have killed atleast 150 murder and supporters of the pro-Biafran organisations – IPOB, and injured hundreds during non-violent meetings, marches and other gatherings. Hundreds were also arbitrarily arrested.”
The 1999 Nigerian Constitution as amended stipulates in Section 33(1) “Every Person has a Right to Life, and nọ one shall be deprived intentionally of his life, save in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence of which he has been found guilty in Nigeria.”
The use of live ammunition must be prohibited in dispersing peaceful gatherings or demonstration in the Society.
The Definition of a Human Being according to the Igbo language is “MMA NDU” translated as “The Beauty of Life.”
In the Igbo culture and tradition, the Human Life is sacred and should not be arbitrarily killed unjustly.
The abolishment of the death penalty against Human Being has taken effect in most countries signifing the sacredness of Life.
The Life of a Human Being should be protected spiritually and physically not withstanding the circumstances.
The priority of the Security agencies in any community should be the protection of the lives of the denizens, even in the event of a confrontation especially on unarmed or defenceless people.
The government of a country or nation must endeavour to protect the Lives of the peoples.
Laws should be enacted and put into practise against unlawful killings in every provinces.
The Human Life should be sacrosanct in an event of a crime and last resort in a judicial process.
The implementation of the Basic Human Rights and Fundamental freedom of a Person should be the first step in the protection of his life.■